Metro Manila · Corazon “Cory” Aquino (* 25 January 1933, † 1 August 2009)
Being the first freely elected Philippine president after the Marcos era, Cory Aquino counts as one of the national ikons of the democratic Philippines, together with Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino, Jr., her husband. The Filipinos honor her as “the housewife who led a revolution” and “mother of Philippine democracy”.
Born in 1933 in the province of Tarlac, Cory Aquino comes from one of the richest families in the country. She studied in the USA and, after returning to the Philippines, married Ninoy Aquino in 1954. The couple had five children together. Ninoy was an important leader of the opposition movement against Ferdinand Marcos, but was assassinated in 1983. After his death, his wife Cory followed in Ninoy's steps, led the opposition alliance, successfully challenged Marcos in the elections of 1986, and - after the People Power Revolution – was installed as the 11th President of the Philippines.
During Cory's presidency from 1986 to 1992, several attempted military coups of Marcos loyalists failed. A new constitution was adopted, a land reform passed, peace talks with insurgents were held, and the military presence of the US on the archipelago was ended. When her six-year term ended, Cory Aquino refrained from running for a second term and fellow party member Fidel V. Ramos was elected as her successor. However, Cory Aquino kept playing an active role in the political arena of the country, supporting or criticizing politicians, presidents and governments. She also participated in the EDSA II protests of 2001, something she later publicly regretted.
In August 2009, “Tita Cory” died after developing colon cancer. Her only son, Benigno Aquino III, was elected president in 2010.